Smart Speaker Training


  • Develop a smart speaker training intervention and evaluate its efficacy among people with motor and/or visual impairments.


  • Smart speakers have become pervasive technologies for automating instrumental activities of daily living through both ingrained functions and user-enabled voice apps. They also have potential to promote access to leisure activities, help reduce social isolation, and increase community engagement among people with disabilities.
  • Smart speaker use is limited by the lack of time, knowledge, and support to find essential use cases, and privacy concerns.
  • There is a lack of interventional studies on smart speakers.


  • Develop START, a multi-modal training intervention, using an iterative, stakeholder-driven approach.
  • Evaluate the usability of START interactive learning guides using five usability criteria including effectiveness, efficiency, engagement, error tolerance, and ease of learning.
  • Evaluate the efficacy of START in supporting skill acquisition, technology adoption, and functional performance and participation in people with motor and/or visual impairments.
  • Pilot test the usefulness and effectiveness of START trainer’s modules.


  • Evidence on the effectiveness of universal design for learning (UPL)-guided training materials for smart speakers for people with disabilities.
  • A guide as to whether, and in what circumstances, 1-1 training improves outcomes for smart speaker use.